Vocabulary Words

VOCABULARY – WEEK OF 11.28.16 

WAXING: When the lit portion of the moon is increasing (as seen from Earth)

WANING: When the lit portion of the moon is decreasing (as seen from Earth) 

CRESCENT MOON: When less than half of the sunlit portion of the moon is visible from Earth 

QUARTER MOON: When half of the sunlit portion of the moon is visible from Earth

GIBBOUS MOON: When more than half of the sunlit portion of the moon is visible from Earth

NEW MOON: When none of the sunlit portion of the moon is visible from Earth

NEAP TIDE: When the sun and moon are at right angles to each other and cause weaker tides

SPRING TIDE: When the sun and moon are aligned (in a line) and cause strong tides

LUNAR ECLIPSE: When the moon is hidden by the shadow of the Earth 

SOLAR ECLIPSE: When the Sun is blocked or hidden by the moon


Vocabulary Quiz #4 
 - Quiz on Friday, 9/30

Weathering:
any process that breaks down rocks and creates sediments

Erosion: is the process by which natural forces move weathered rock and soil from one place to another. 

Deposition occurs when the agents (wind or water) of erosion lay down sediment.

Sediments: broken down pieces of rock

Igneous Rock: formed by the cooling and hardening of magma or lava

Metamorphic Rock: formed from applying heat and pressure to rock

Sedimentary Rock: formed by the compaction and cementation of sediments



Vocabulary Quiz #3
 - Quiz on Friday, 9/23

Earthquake: A sudden slip on a fault that releases energy and causes the ground to shake

Focus: the point below the Earth’s surface that an earthquake’s energy is released from

Epicenter: the point on the Earth’s surface directly above the focus where the earthquake’s energy is the greatest

Seismic Waves: Vibrations of energy that spread outwards from the focus of the earthquake

Primary Wave: Fastest wave, moves side-to-side, travels through liquids and solids

Secondary Wave: Second wave, moves up-and-down, only travels through solids

Surface Wave: Slowest and most dangerous wave, moves up-and-down and side-to-side

Vocabulary Quiz #2 - Quiz on Friday, 9/2

Pangaea
: the supercontinent formed when all of Earth’s landmasses were connected

Fault : a break in the Earth’s crust

Convergent Boundary: occurs when plates come together

Divergent Boundary: occurs when plates pull apart

Transform Boundary: occurs when plates slide past each other

Vocabulary Quiz #1 - Quiz on Friday, 8/26

Independent Variable: The variable we change in an experiment

Dependent Variable: The variable we measure in an experiment

Crust: Earth’s outermost layer made of solid rock

Mantle: Middle layer of Earth made of hot, softened rock

Core: Innermost layers made mostly of iron and nickel